学术服装至少可以追溯到14世纪. 它的起源归因于教会的影响, 到中世纪学者使用的没有暖气的房间需要温暖, 为了避免“衣冠不整”而穿长礼服. 最终, 形成了独特的帽子, 授予学位的机构的长袍和头巾, 专业:获得学位的学习领域, 以及学位的等级——学士, 硕士或博士学位.
美国大学, 不像英国和欧洲, have adopted a standard code of academic costume in which the cut and material of the gown, 帽子上流苏的颜色, and the pattern and colors of the hood all have special significance.
Bachelors’ gowns are closed at the throat and have long, pointed sleeves. 硕士礼服可以开着穿，也可以闭着穿, 长方形的袖子, 广场和关闭在结束, 从手腕附近的缝隙伸出的手臂. Doctors’ gowns, worn open or closed, are faced with velvet and have full, bell-shaped sleeves. 每个袖子上有三根丝绒，叫做“v形”. 受托人, 学院或大学的校长和校长可以穿特别设计和颜色的帽子和长袍.
Academic caps are usually mortarboards, though soft caps are also worn. The cap is black; the tassel is black or the color appropriate to the discipline or field of study, or, 买一顶医生帽, 可能是金子.
兜帽给学院服增添了色彩和真正的意义. The color of the lining identifies the university granting the highest degree held by the wearer. The color of the trim indicates the field of learning in which the degree is received.